We all love our espresso drinks from the local coffee shop with frothed milk designs on top. However, when we’re at home you might not have all the right tools to froth coffee and create the microfoam needed to make latte art.
Microfoam is what is used to make latte art on espresso drinks like cappuccinos or macchiatos. It takes a lot of practice to make it correctly with the right consistency and volume. With a little practice, you will be enjoying genuine espresso brews in no time.
What you look for when frothing milk
The perfect frothed milk with be thick, pour like maple syrup, be voluminous, fluffy, and taste slightly sweet.
The protein and fat inside the milk is responsible for making the milk foam when frothing. This is caused by air being incorporated into the milk while being heated. This can be done in many different ways.
If the milk has too much fat the bubbles will not be formed. It is the protein in the milk that holds and stabilizes the air bubbles and creates a fluffy foam.
This is how normal cow’s milk is broken up and depending on the make up the foam may come out differently. Milk isn’t consistent and there may be small differences that make the milk foam differently.
|Water||85.5 % – 89.5 %||87.5 %|
|Total solids||10.5 % – 14.5 %||13.0 %|
|Fat||2.5 % – 6.0 %||3.9 %|
|Proteins||2.9 % – 5.0 %||3.4 %|
|Lactose||3.6 % – 5.5 %||4.8 %|
|Minerals||0.6 % – 9.0 %||0.8 %|
Best Milk Frothing Temperature
Milk proteins will start to break down and burn around 170 degrees Fahrenheit so you do not want to heat your milk above this temperature.
The best temperature to steam and froth your milk is between 150 – 155 degrees Fahrenheit.
Different kinds of milk will have different burning points so be wary of what kind of milk you are using. Personal experience will be best because different brands may also have different temperatures. Taste your milk and find out what temperatures you prefer.
Milk Frothing Tips & Tricks for Better Results
Refrigerate the milk before using it and make sure it is cold. The colder the milk when you start frothing the better the result will be. This is only if you are using steam to froth your milk.
Use fresh milk for better results. Milk foamed within the first 5 days of opening and purchase will produce the best tasting foam.
NEVER re-steam milk that has already been steamed and heated. If you are not using the milk that you have already steamed pour it out. This is because the warm milk is a perfect substrate for bacteria to grow. If you leave this out it will definitely go bad in a few hours.
If you are using organic or lactose-free milk the proteins inside the milk will be missing and will not produce as great milk foam.
8 Ways to Froth Milk at Home
When you’re at home and you are craving an espresso drink there are a few ways to froth milk at home with everyday equipment.
When I was in college I would always have to make budget lattes and I’ve personally tried all these methods to make foamed milk.
As stated before for all these methods you need to heat your milk to 150 – 155 degrees Fahrenheit to get the best foam.
You can also also make your foam more uniform by popping large air bubbles by swirling and tapping your container.
Frothing milk in a jar
To make foamed milk in a jar simply put your warmed milk into any jar with a lid. Screw on the lid and shake vigorously.
This method creates bubbles that you may need to remove because if you are planning on pouring latte they will not pour correctly. With this method, you will be left with the lowest quality milk foam because there will not be enough air incorporated into small air pockets.
Whisking your milk by hand to froth
The best method to whisk milk froth by hand is to go in a back and forth motion vigorously.
In my experience when you whisk in a circular motion you get inferior milk froth. This is because not enough air is being incorporated into the milk to make the foam.
Using an electric mixer to make milk froth
To use this method simply turn your electric mixer to the max speed and mix the warmed milk until you get the desired volume of froth.
You will get high quality foam with this method that you can use to make latte art.
Frothing your milk with a frothing wand
You may have a frothing wand at home without knowing! This is a popular gift idea that people give. To use a frothing want just immerse the frothing end of the wand into your milk. Turn on your frothing wand and slowly move it in a circular motion until your milk is frothed.
Blending your milk to desired frothiness
You can simply pour your warm milk into a blender and blend on the medium speed to froth your milk. With this method you be left with the most fluffy and voluminous froth!
Using an immersion blender like a frothing wand
If you have an immersion blender at home you can use it like a frothing wand. Just make sure you are careful!
Put your milk in a pot and make sure the blades of your immersion blender is covered with milk. Turn on the blender on low at first and slowly move in circles. You can turn the blender higher once you started.
French Press for foaming milk
You can use a french press to foam your milk! Just pour your foamed milk into your french press and pump your french press up and down vigorously until the milk foams up. You can use the french press pot to directly pour into your coffee to make latte art.
“Pulling” your milk
WARNING, this one may get messy. You can pull your milk by pouring it from one container to another. The more times your pour the more air that will be incorporated into your milk and thus making more foam. The farther and longer the pour you can incorporate more air as well.
What kind of milk can you froth?
If you have different types of milk at home you may be interested to see if you can froth it. Whether you’re lactose intolerant or just don’t like milk does not mean you can’t enjoy a latte with foamed milk.
Frothing Almond Milk
Almond milk has become a staple for hipster cafes. Almond milk is dairy-free, paleo-friendly, low-calorie, gluten-free, and high in protein so its a great alternative to milk. So the question is can it be frothed?
The short answer is yes. It is a little tricky to get the foam just right, but here are my tips for getting frothed almond milk right.
- Shake your milk before frothing your milk
- Stop frothing early, once you see a creamy fluffy texture start to form, stop.
- Don’t overheat your almond milk
- Pour your almond milk slowly
Frothing Coconut Milk
Good new! You can froth coconut milk just like regular milk. You will get great fluffy foam and this is due to the ~2% saturated fat content of most coconut milks.
Frothing Soy Milk
YES! Soy milk can be frothed similarly to cow’s milk. However, the density may vary because of the lack of some milk proteins. Most soy milk has a saturated fat content of around ~2% so they will still foam nicely.
My Favorite Frothing Device
For my favorite home frothing method I would have to choose the French Press. The french press is something that most coffee enthusiasts will have at home and it will be simple to use for frothing milk. My one complaint is, because I had a large french press I would have to make a large amount of frothed milk and I could never use all of it.
If you don’t have a french press at home and want to try this method of frothing you can get a pump frother which is similar to a french press.
This Norpor Glass Froth Master is a manual milk frother that is very affordable and can make fluffy milk froth for your lattes. Check the price and reviews on Amazon.
You can easily enjoy a latte with frothed milk at home. Let me know if you tried any of these methods and which worked the best by commenting below.